In Europe, 12% to 15% of women are daily victims of domestic violence.
4 to 12% of the persons polled by the WHO in 10 countries testified being victims of physical or sexual abuse perpetrated by a spouse or partner during their pregnancy.
At least one out of three women around the world has been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime.
Violence against women can take on many forms.
Violence against women is quite simply a violation of human rights. A wide range of physical, mental, sexual, reproductive and maternal health problems can result from violence against women.
- sexual, physical, or emotional abuse by an intimate partner;
- physical or sexual abuse by family members or others;
- sexual harassment and abuse by authority figures (such as teachers, police officers or employers);
- systematic sexual abuse in conflict and war situations;
- trafficking for forced labour or sex;
- such traditional practices as forced or child marriages, dowry-related violence and honour killings, when women are murdered in the name of family honour.
Lack of access to education and opportunities, and low social status in communities are linked to violence against women.
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), adopted in 1979 by the UN General Assembly, is described as an international Bill of Rights for women. Consisting of a preamble and 30 articles, it defines what constitutes discrimination against women and sets up an agenda for national action to end such discrimination.
Sources : OMS, United Nations